Target: Russian Prosecutor General Yurii Ya. Chaika
Goal: To prevent the extradition, detention, and torture of ethnic Uzbeks.
Despite its recent refusal of all extradition requests on the grounds that it is unsafe for Uzbeks to return to Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Prosecutor General’s Office recently upheld an extradition request for Mamir Nematov. An ethnic Uzbek, Nematov faces charges of murder and participation in mass disturbances; however, his lawyers and many in the international community believe these charges to be false and ethnically motivated. It is greatly feared that should Nematov be returned to Kyrgyzstan, he would be subject to an unfair trial, followed by non-communicative detention and torture or other ill treatment.
The Russian Federal Migration Service originally granted temporary asylum to all ethnic Uzbeks fleeing violence in southern Kyrgyzstan, and has since refused to extradite anyone back to the area for fear of life endangerment. As time has passed, fewer arbitrary arrests for the violence are occurring, but it appears that torture and incommunicado detention remain the norm in Kyrgyzstan prisons.
While Mamir Nematov is the first person facing threat of extradition back to Kyrgyzstan, it is unlikely that he will be the last. Urge the Russian Prosecutor General to rescind the order to extradite Nematov, and to uphold his obligation, as per international law and Russia’s own Supreme Court Decree, not to forcibly return anyone to a country where they would be at risk of human rights violations.
Dear Prosecutor General Yurii Ya. Chaika:
Russia showed a great deal of generosity in opening its doors to Uzbeks fleeing violence in southern Kyrgyzstan, and has since upheld its refusal of all extradition requests, except for one. If Mamir Nematov is forced to return to Kyrgyzstan, he is likely to face an unfair trial, followed by non-communicative detention, torture, and other ill treatment. While he faces charges of murder and participating in mass disturbance, many believe that these charges are ethnically motivated and entirely false.
Because of the risks facing ethnic Uzbeks in Kyrgyzstan and others who may be extradited, we are calling on Russian authorities to rescind the order to extradite Nematov. We would also ask you to honor and uphold your obligations under international law, as well as your own Supreme Court Decree not to forcibly return anyone to a country where they would be at risk of human rights violations.
[Your Name Here]